Visa Historical Valuation

V
 Stock
  

USD 216.42  5.09  2.41%   

Some fundamental drivers such as market cap or Visa enterprice value can be analyzed from historical perspective to project value of the company into the future. Some investors analyze Visa Inc valuation indicators such as Net Income Per Employee of 485.8 K or Revenue Per Employee of 1.4 M to time the market or to short-sell their positions based on the trend in valuation ratios. It is a perfect tool to project the direction of Visa's future value. Financial Statement Analysis is much more than just reviewing and breaking down Visa Inc prevalent accounting reports to predict its past. Macroaxis encourages investors to analyze financial statements over time for various trends across multiple indicators and accounts to determine whether Visa Inc is a good buy for the upcoming year.
Also, please take a look at World Market Map.
  

About Visa Valuation Data Analysis

Valuation is the financial process of determining what Visa is worth. Visa valuation ratios put that insight into the context of a company's share price, where they serve as useful tools for evaluating and utilizing investment potential. Visa valuation ratios help investors to determine whether Visa Stock is cheap or expensive when compared to a particular measure, such as profits or enterprise value. In other words, they help investors to determine the cost of investment in Visa with respect to the benefits of owning Visa security.

Visa Valuation Data Chart

Visa valuation ratios help to determine how cheap or expensive it is, compared to its peers or based on some benchmark measure of value for a given date. A typical valuation ratio shows the difference between the cost of Visa equity instrument and the benefits of owning shares of Visa Inc.
Visa Revenue Per Employee is fairly stable at the moment as compared to the past year. Visa reported Revenue Per Employee of 1.29 Million in 2021. Earnings before Tax is likely to climb to about 7.8 B in 2022, whereas Average Assets are likely to drop slightly above 42.6 B in 2022.

Average Assets

Average asset value for the period used in calculation of Return on Average Equity and Return on Average Assets; derived from Total Assets.

Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA

EBITDA is a non-GAAP accounting metric that is widely used when assessing the performance of companies; calculated by adding Depreciation Amortization and Accretion back to Earning Before Interest and Taxes EBIT.

Earnings before Tax

Earnings Before Tax is calculated by adding Income Tax Expense back to Net Income.

Enterprise Value

Enterprise Value (or EV) is usually referred to as Visa theoretical takeover price. In the event of an acquisition, an acquirer would have to take on Visa Inc debt, but would also pocket its cash. Enterprise Value is more accurate representation of Visa value than its market capitalization because it takes into account all of Visa Inc existing debt. Enterprise value is a measure of the value of a business as a whole; calculated as Market Capitalization plus Total Debt USD minus Cash and Equivalents USD.

Market Capitalization

Market capitalization (or market cap) is the total value of the shares outstanding of Visa Inc. It is equal to Visa current share price times the number of Visa Inc outstanding shares. Represents the product of [SharesBas]; [Price] and [ShareFactor].
Most indicators from Visa valuation accounts are interrelated and interconnected. However, analyzing valuation accounts indicators one by one will only give a small insight into Visa Inc current financial condition. On the other hand, looking into the entire matrix of valuation accounts indicators, and analyzing their relationships over time can provide a more complete picture of the company financial strength now and in the future. Also, please take a look at World Market Map.Visa Revenue Per Employee is fairly stable at the moment as compared to the past year. Visa reported Revenue Per Employee of 1.29 Million in 2021. Earnings before Tax is likely to climb to about 7.8 B in 2022, whereas Average Assets are likely to drop slightly above 42.6 B in 2022.
 2019 2020 2021 2022 (projected)
Revenue Per Employee1.06 M1.12 M1.29 M1.38 M
Net Income Per Employee528.6 K572.61 K515.35 K485.75 K

Visa valuation accounts Correlations

Visa Account Relationship Matchups

Visa valuation accounts Accounts

201720182019202020212022 (projected)
Net Income Per Employee605.94 K619.49 K528.6 K572.61 K515.35 K485.75 K
Revenue Per Employee1.21 M1.18 M1.06 M1.12 M1.29 M1.38 M
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA13.98 B16.01 B14.99 B17.3 B15.57 B12.48 B

Visa Investors Sentiment

The influence of Visa's investor sentiment on the probability of its price appreciation or decline could be a good factor in your decision-making process regarding taking a position in Visa. The overall investor sentiment generally increases the direction of a stock movement in a one-year investment horizon. However, the impact of investor sentiment on the entire stock markets does not have a solid backing from leading economists and market statisticians.
Investor biases related to Visa's public news can be used to forecast risks associated with investment in Visa. The trend in average sentiment can be used to explain how an investor holding Visa can time the market purely based on public headlines and social activities around Visa Inc. Please note that most equiteis that are difficult to arbitrage are affected by market sentiment the most.
Visa's market sentiment shows the aggregated news analyzed to detect positive and negative mentions from the text and comments. The data is normalized to provide daily scores for Visa's and other traded tickers. The bigger the bubble, the more accurate is the estimated score. Higher bars for a given day show more participation in the average Visa's news discussions. The higher the estimate score, the more favorable is the investor's outlook on Visa.

Visa Implied Volatility

    
  30.37  
Visa's implied volatility exposes the market's sentiment of Visa Inc stock's possible movements over time. However, it does not forecast the overall direction of its price. In a nutshell, if Visa's implied volatility is high, the market thinks the stock has potential for high price swings in either direction. On the other hand, the low implied volatility suggests that Visa stock will not fluctuate a lot when Visa's options are near their expiration.
Some investors attempt to determine whether the market's mood is bullish or bearish by monitoring changes in market sentiment. Unlike more traditional methods such as technical analysis, investor sentiment usually refers to the aggregate attitude towards Visa in the overall investment community. So, suppose investors can accurately measure the market's sentiment. In that case, they can use it for their benefit. For example, some tools to gauge market sentiment could be utilized using contrarian indexes, Visa's short interest history, or implied volatility extrapolated from Visa options trading.

Also Currently Popular

Analyzing currently trending equities could be an opportunity to develop a better portfolio based on different market momentums that they can trigger. Utilizing the top trending stocks is also useful when creating a market-neutral strategy or pair trading technique involving a short or a long position in a currently trending equity.
Also, please take a look at World Market Map. Note that the Visa Inc information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Visa's statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Risk-Return Analysis module to view associations between returns expected from investment and the risk you assume.

Complementary Tools for Visa Stock analysis

When running Visa Inc price analysis, check to measure Visa's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Visa is operating at the current time. Most of Visa's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Visa's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Visa's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Visa to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is Visa's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Visa. If investors know Visa will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Visa listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY
0.36
Market Capitalization
445.4 B
Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY
0.19
Return On Assets
0.14
Return On Equity
0.4
The market value of Visa Inc is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Visa that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Visa's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Visa's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Visa's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Visa's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Visa's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Visa value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Visa's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.