Goldman Historical Valuation

GS -  USA Stock  

USD 308.45  4.52  1.44%

Some fundamental drivers such as market cap or Goldman Sachs enterprice value can be analyzed from historical perspective to project value of the company into the future. Some investors analyze Goldman Sachs Group valuation indicators such as Average Assets of 1305.1 B or Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA of 23.2 B to time the market or to short-sell their positions based on the trend in valuation ratios. It is a perfect tool to project the direction of Goldman Sachs's future value. Financial Statement Analysis is much more than just reviewing and breaking down Goldman Sachs Group prevalent accounting reports to predict its past. Macroaxis encourages investors to analyze financial statements over time for various trends across multiple indicators and accounts to determine whether Goldman Sachs Group is a good buy for the upcoming year.
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About Goldman Valuation Data Analysis

Valuation is the financial process of determining what Goldman Sachs is worth. Goldman Sachs valuation ratios put that insight into the context of a company's share price, where they serve as useful tools for evaluating and utilizing investment potential. Goldman Sachs valuation ratios help investors to determine whether Goldman Stock is cheap or expensive when compared to a particular measure, such as profits or enterprise value. In other words, they help investors to determine the cost of investment in Goldman with respect to the benefits of owning Goldman Sachs security.

Goldman Sachs Valuation Data Chart

Goldman valuation ratios help to determine how cheap or expensive it is, compared to its peers or based on some benchmark measure of value for a given date. A typical valuation ratio shows the difference between the cost of Goldman equity instrument and the benefits of owning shares of Goldman Sachs Group.
Goldman Sachs Earnings before Tax are relatively stable at the moment as compared to the past year. Goldman Sachs reported last year Earnings before Tax of 27.04 Billion. As of 05/18/2022, Average Equity is likely to grow to about 104.1 B, while Revenue Per Employee is likely to drop slightly above 1.1 M.

Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA

EBITDA is a non-GAAP accounting metric that is widely used when assessing the performance of companies; calculated by adding Depreciation Amortization and Accretion back to Earning Before Interest and Taxes EBIT.

Average Equity

Average equity value for the period used in calculation of Return on Average Equity; derived from Shareholders Equity.

Enterprise Value

Enterprise Value (or EV) is usually referred to as Goldman Sachs theoretical takeover price. In the event of an acquisition, an acquirer would have to take on Goldman Sachs Group debt, but would also pocket its cash. Enterprise Value is more accurate representation of Goldman Sachs value than its market capitalization because it takes into account all of Goldman Sachs Group existing debt. Enterprise value is a measure of the value of a business as a whole; calculated as Market Capitalization plus Total Debt USD minus Cash and Equivalents USD.

Free Cash Flow

Free Cash Flow is a measure of financial performance calculated as Net Cash Flow from Operations minus Capital Expenditure.

Invested Capital

Invested capital represents the total cash investment that shareholders and debt holders have contributed to Goldman Sachs Group. There are two different methods for calculating Goldman Sachs Group invested capital: operating approach and financing approach. Understanding Goldman Sachs invested capital allows investors to calculate measures of performance such as return on invested capital or return on capital employed. Invested capital is an input into the calculation of [ROIC]; and is calculated as: Total Debt plus Total Assets minus [Intangibles] minus Cash and Equivalents minus [LiabilitiesC]. Please note this calculation method is subject to change.
Most indicators from Goldman Sachs valuation accounts are interrelated and interconnected. However, analyzing valuation accounts indicators one by one will only give a small insight into Goldman Sachs Group current financial condition. On the other hand, looking into the entire matrix of valuation accounts indicators, and analyzing their relationships over time can provide a more complete picture of the company financial strength now and in the future. Please check Risk vs Return Analysis.Goldman Sachs Earnings before Tax are relatively stable at the moment as compared to the past year. Goldman Sachs reported last year Earnings before Tax of 27.04 Billion. As of 05/18/2022, Average Equity is likely to grow to about 104.1 B, while Revenue Per Employee is likely to drop slightly above 1.1 M.
 2019 2020 2021 2022 (projected)
Revenue Per Employee1.41 M1.32 M1.19 M1.14 M
Net Income Per Employee221.04 K232.92 K209.62 K199.43 K

Goldman Sachs valuation accounts Correlations

Goldman Sachs Account Relationship Matchups

Goldman Sachs valuation accounts Accounts

201720182019202020212022 (projected)
Net Income Per Employee117.1 K285.76 K221.04 K232.92 K209.62 K199.43 K
Revenue Per Employee1.15 M1.44 M1.41 M1.32 M1.19 M1.14 M
Average Assets911.87 B957.78 B967.63 B1,131.59 B1,399.17 B1,305.05 B
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA12.28 B13.81 B12.29 B14.38 B29.06 B23.22 B
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization USD12.28 B13.81 B12.29 B14.38 B29.06 B23.22 B
Earnings before Tax11.13 B12.48 B10.58 B12.48 B27.04 B29.18 B
Average Equity85.53 B86.78 B90.86 B92.75 B103.94 B104.05 B
Enterprise Value473.73 B456.06 B512.37 B505.19 B640.84 B620.35 B
Free Cash Flow(23.1 B)12.29 B22.06 B(17.07 B)187 M191.92 M
Invested Capital1,307.56 B1,286.76 B1,375.64 B1,601.21 B1,662.26 B1,660.92 B
Invested Capital Average1,284.11 B1,346.06 B1,365.84 B1,561.69 B1,816.12 B1,756.46 B
Market Capitalization96.1 B62.14 B81.42 B90.73 B128.08 B114.76 B
Tangible Asset Value916.78 B931.8 B992.97 B1,163.03 B1,463.99 B1,339.95 B

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Please check Risk vs Return Analysis. Note that the Goldman Sachs Group information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Goldman Sachs' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Price Transformation module to use Price Transformation models to analyze depth of different equity instruments across global markets.

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When running Goldman Sachs Group price analysis, check to measure Goldman Sachs' market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Goldman Sachs is operating at the current time. Most of Goldman Sachs' value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Goldman Sachs' future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Goldman Sachs' price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Goldman Sachs to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is Goldman Sachs' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Goldman Sachs. If investors know Goldman will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Goldman Sachs listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
The market value of Goldman Sachs Group is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Goldman that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Goldman Sachs' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Goldman Sachs' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Goldman Sachs' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Goldman Sachs' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Goldman Sachs' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Goldman Sachs value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Goldman Sachs' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.