Citigroup Stock Market Value

C
 Stock
  

USD 46.87  0.88  1.91%   

Citigroup's market value is the price at which a share of Citigroup stock trades on a public exchange. It measures the collective expectations of Citigroup investors about the entity's future performance. With this module, you can estimate the performance of a buy and hold strategy of Citigroup and determine expected loss or profit from investing in Citigroup over a given investment horizon. Continue to Citigroup Hype Analysis, Citigroup Correlation, Citigroup Valuation, Citigroup Volatility, as well as analyze Citigroup Alpha and Beta and Citigroup Performance.
Symbol
Backtest


Is Citigroup's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Citigroup. If investors know Citigroup will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Citigroup listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY
-0.44
Market Capitalization
91 B
Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY
-0.1
Return On Assets
0.0078
Return On Equity
0.0915
The market value of Citigroup is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Citigroup that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Citigroup's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Citigroup's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Citigroup's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Citigroup's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Citigroup's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Citigroup value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Citigroup's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

Citigroup 'What if' Analysis

In the world of financial modeling, what-if analysis is part of sensitivity analysis performed to test how changes in assumptions impact individual outputs in a model. When applied to Citigroup's stock what-if analysis refers to the analyzing how the change in your past investing horizon will affect the profitability against the current market value of Citigroup.
0.00
07/12/2020
No Change 0.00  0.0 
In 1 year 11 months and 22 days
07/02/2022
0.00
If you would invest  0.00  in Citigroup on July 12, 2020 and sell it all today you would earn a total of 0.00 from holding Citigroup or generate 0.0% return on investment in Citigroup over 720 days. Citigroup is related to or competes with General Electric, ATT, Cisco Systems, Dupont Denemours, Walmart, and Hp. Citigroup Inc., a diversified financial services holding company, provides various financial products and services to co...More

Citigroup Upside/Downside Indicators

Understanding different market momentum indicators often help investors to time their next move. Potential upside and downside technical ratios enable traders to measure Citigroup's stock current market value against overall market sentiment and can be a good tool during both bulling and bearish trends. Here we outline some of the essential indicators to assess Citigroup upside and downside potential and time the market with a certain degree of confidence.

Citigroup Market Risk Indicators

Today, many novice investors tend to focus exclusively on investment returns with little concern for Citigroup's investment risk. Other traders do consider volatility but use just one or two very conventional indicators such as Citigroup's standard deviation. In reality, there are many statistical measures that can use Citigroup historical prices to predict the future Citigroup's volatility.
Sophisticated investors, who have witnessed many market ups and downs, frequently view the market will even out over time. This tendency of Citigroup's price to converge to an average value over time is called mean reversion. However, historically, high market prices usually discourage investors that believe in mean reversion to invest, while low prices are viewed as an opportunity to buy. Please use the tools below to analyze the current value of Citigroup in the context of predictive analytics.
Hype
Prediction
LowEstimated ValueHigh
44.5446.8549.16
Details
Intrinsic
Valuation
LowReal ValueHigh
42.1856.0358.34
Details
Naive
Forecast
LowNext ValueHigh
47.2849.5951.91
Details
14 Analysts
Consensus
LowTarget PriceHigh
66.0082.00120.00
Details
Please note, it is not enough to conduct a financial or market analysis of a single entity such as Citigroup. Your research has to be compared to or analyzed against Citigroup's peers to derive any actionable benefits. When done correctly, Citigroup's competitive analysis will give you plenty of quantitative and qualitative data to validate your investment decisions or develop an entirely new strategy towards taking a position in Citigroup.

Citigroup Backtested Returns

Citigroup secures Sharpe Ratio (or Efficiency) of -0.0634, which signifies that the company had -0.0634% of return per unit of risk over the last 3 months. Macroaxis standpoint towards foreseeing the risk of any stock is to look at both systematic and unsystematic factors of the business, including all available market data and technical indicators. Citigroup exposes twenty-one different technical indicators, which can help you to evaluate volatility that cannot be diversified away. Please be advised to confirm Citigroup mean deviation of 1.76, and Risk Adjusted Performance of (0.14) to double-check the risk estimate we provide.
The firm shows a Beta (market volatility) of 1.2061, which signifies a somewhat significant risk relative to the market. Let's try to break down what Citigroup's beta means in this case. As the market goes up, the company is expected to outperform it. However, if the market returns are negative, Citigroup will likely underperform. Even though it is essential to pay attention to Citigroup historical returns, it is always good to be careful when utilizing equity current trending patterns. Our philosophy towards foreseeing any stock's future performance is to check both, its past performance charts as well as the business as a whole, including all available technical indicators. Citigroup exposes twenty-one different technical indicators, which can help you to evaluate its performance. Citigroup has an expected return of -0.15%. Please be advised to confirm Citigroup jensen alpha, potential upside, skewness, as well as the relationship between the maximum drawdown and semi variance to decide if Citigroup performance from the past will be repeated at some point in the near future.

Auto-correlation

    
  -0.87  

Excellent reverse predictability

Citigroup has excellent reverse predictability. Overlapping area represents the amount of predictability between Citigroup time series from 12th of July 2020 to 7th of July 2021 and 7th of July 2021 to 2nd of July 2022. The more autocorrelation exist between current time interval and its lagged values, the more accurately you can make projection about the future pattern of Citigroup price movement. The serial correlation of -0.87 indicates that approximately 87.0% of current Citigroup price fluctuation can be explain by its past prices.
Correlation Coefficient-0.87
Spearman Rank Test-0.77
Residual Average0.0
Price Variance59.17

Citigroup lagged returns against current returns

Autocorrelation, which is Citigroup stock's lagged correlation, explains the relationship between observations of its time series of returns over different periods of time. The observations are said to be independent if autocorrelation is zero. Autocorrelation is calculated as a function of mean and variance and can have practical application in predicting Citigroup's stock expected returns. We can calculate the autocorrelation of Citigroup returns to help us make a trade decision. For example, suppose you find that Citigroup stock has exhibited high autocorrelation historically, and you observe that the stock is moving up for the past few days. In that case, you can expect the stock movement to match the lagging time series.
 Current and Lagged Values 
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      Timeline 

Citigroup regressed lagged prices vs. current prices

Serial correlation can be approximated by using the Durbin-Watson (DW) test. The correlation can be either positive or negative. If Citigroup stock is displaying a positive serial correlation, investors will expect a positive pattern to continue. However, if Citigroup stock is observed to have a negative serial correlation, investors will generally project negative sentiment on having a locked-in long position in Citigroup stock over time.
 Current vs Lagged Prices 
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      Timeline 

Citigroup Lagged Returns

When evaluating Citigroup's market value, investors can use the concept of autocorrelation to see how much of an impact past prices of Citigroup stock have on its future price. Citigroup autocorrelation represents the degree of similarity between a given time horizon and a lagged version of the same horizon over the previous time interval. In other words, Citigroup autocorrelation shows the relationship between Citigroup stock current value and its past values and can show if there is a momentum factor associated with investing in Citigroup.
 Regressed Prices 
Share
      Timeline 

Citigroup Investors Sentiment

The influence of Citigroup's investor sentiment on the probability of its price appreciation or decline could be a good factor in your decision-making process regarding taking a position in Citigroup. The overall investor sentiment generally increases the direction of a stock movement in a one-year investment horizon. However, the impact of investor sentiment on the entire stock markets does not have a solid backing from leading economists and market statisticians.

Citigroup Implied Volatility

    
  33.42  
Citigroup's implied volatility exposes the market's sentiment of Citigroup stock's possible movements over time. However, it does not forecast the overall direction of its price. In a nutshell, if Citigroup's implied volatility is high, the market thinks the stock has potential for high price swings in either direction. On the other hand, the low implied volatility suggests that Citigroup stock will not fluctuate a lot when Citigroup's options are near their expiration.
Some investors attempt to determine whether the market's mood is bullish or bearish by monitoring changes in market sentiment. Unlike more traditional methods such as technical analysis, investor sentiment usually refers to the aggregate attitude towards Citigroup in the overall investment community. So, suppose investors can accurately measure the market's sentiment. In that case, they can use it for their benefit. For example, some tools to gauge market sentiment could be utilized using contrarian indexes, Citigroup's short interest history, or implied volatility extrapolated from Citigroup options trading.

Current Sentiment - C

Citigroup Investor Sentiment

Most of Macroaxis users are currently bullish on Citigroup. What is your opinion about investing in Citigroup? Are you bullish or bearish?
Bullish
Bearish
98% Bullish
2% Bearish

Pair Trading with Citigroup

One of the main advantages of trading using pair correlations is that every trade hedges away some risk. Because there are two separate transactions required, even if Citigroup position performs unexpectedly, the other equity can make up some of the losses. Pair trading also minimizes risk from directional movements in the market. For example, if an entire industry or sector drops because of unexpected headlines, the short position in Citigroup will appreciate offsetting losses from the drop in the long position's value.

Citigroup Pair Correlation

Correlation Analysis For Direct Indexing and Tax-loss Harvesting

The ability to find closely correlated positions to Citigroup could be a great tool in your tax-loss harvesting strategies, allowing investors a quick way to find a similar-enough asset to replace Citigroup when you sell it. If you don't do this, your portfolio allocation will be skewed against your target asset allocation. So, investors can't just sell and buy back Citigroup - that would be a violation of the tax code under the "wash sale" rule, and this is why you need to find a similar enough asset and use the proceeds from selling Citigroup to buy it.
The correlation of Citigroup is a statistical measure of how it moves in relation to other equities. This measure is expressed in what is known as the correlation coefficient, which ranges between -1 and +1. A perfect positive correlation (i.e., a correlation coefficient of +1) implies that as Citigroup moves, either up or down, the other security will move in the same direction. Alternatively, perfect negative correlation means that if Citigroup moves in either direction, the perfectly negatively correlated security will move in the opposite direction. If the correlation is 0, the equities are not correlated; they are entirely random. A correlation greater than 0.8 is generally described as strong, whereas a correlation less than 0.5 is generally considered weak.
Correlation analysis and pair trading evaluation for Citigroup can also be used as hedging techniques within a particular sector or industry or even over random equities to generate a better risk-adjusted return on your portfolios.
Pair CorrelationCorrelation Matching
Continue to Citigroup Hype Analysis, Citigroup Correlation, Citigroup Valuation, Citigroup Volatility, as well as analyze Citigroup Alpha and Beta and Citigroup Performance. Note that the Citigroup information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Citigroup's statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Volatility Analysis module to get historical volatility and risk analysis based on latest market data.

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When running Citigroup price analysis, check to measure Citigroup's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Citigroup is operating at the current time. Most of Citigroup's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Citigroup's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Citigroup's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Citigroup to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Citigroup technical stock analysis exercises models and trading practices based on price and volume transformations, such as the moving averages, relative strength index, regressions, price and return correlations, business cycles, stock market cycles, or different charting patterns.
A focus of Citigroup technical analysis is to determine if market prices reflect all relevant information impacting that market. A technical analyst looks at the history of Citigroup trading pattern rather than external drivers such as economic, fundamental, or social events. It is believed that price action tends to repeat itself due to investors' collective, patterned behavior. Hence technical analysis focuses on identifiable price trends and conditions. More Info...