GM Z Score
GM  Stock  USD 40.43 0.13 0.32% 
GM  Z Score 
GM Z Score Analysis
GM's ZScore is a simple linear, multifactor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..
 
 
 
 

GM Z Score Driver Correlations
Understanding the fundamental principles of building solid financial models for GM is extremely important. It helps to project a fair market value of Ford stock properly, considering its historical fundamentals such as Z Score. Since GM's main accounts across its financial reports are all linked and dependent on each other, it is essential to analyze all possible correlations between related accounts. However, instead of reviewing all of GM's historical financial statements, investors can examine the correlated drivers to determine its overall health. This can be effectively done using a conventional correlation matrix of GM's interrelated accounts and indicators.
Click cells to compare fundamentals
To calculate ZScore one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. ZScore can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with ZScores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a socalled 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Compare to competition 
According to the company's disclosures, General Motors has a Z Score of 0.0. This is 100.0% lower than that of the Automobiles sector and 100.0% lower than that of the Consumer Discretionary industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 100.0% higher than that of the company.
GM Z Score Peer Comparison
Stock peer comparison is one of the most widely used and accepted methods of equity analyses. It analyses GM's direct or indirect competition against its Z Score to detect undervalued stocks with similar characteristics or determine the stocks which would be a good addition to a portfolio. Peer analysis of GM could also be used in its relative valuation, which is a method of valuing GM by comparing valuation metrics of similar companies.GM is currently under evaluation in z score category among related companies.
GM Current Valuation Drivers
We derive many important indicators used in calculating different scores of GM from analyzing GM's financial statements. These drivers represent accounts that assess GM's ability to generate profits relative to its revenue, operating costs, and shareholders' equity. Below are some of GM's important valuation drivers and their relationship over time.
2017  2018  2019  2020  2021  2022 (projected)  
Net Income Per Employee  (21.47 K)  46.32 K  41.05 K  41.35 K  63.81 K  68.85 K  
Revenue Per Employee  808.82 K  849.99 K  836.81 K  788.07 K  808.94 K  744.37 K  
Average Assets  228.27 B  222.6 B  231.61 B  239.76 B  240.87 B  242.7 B  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA  21.68 B  17.29 B  19.32 B  20.76 B  23.93 B  25.82 B  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization USD  20.5 B  22.81 B  22.4 B  22.11 B  25.79 B  24.51 B  
Earnings before Tax  7.67 B  8.49 B  7.5 B  8.2 B  12.79 B  13.8 B  
Average Equity  42.18 B  36.85 B  42.48 B  41.95 B  53.48 B  52.16 B  
Enterprise Value  138.1 B  131.12 B  136.71 B  150.23 B  176.71 B  153.56 B  
Free Cash Flow  (3.64 B)  623 M  4.33 B  9.54 B  7.47 B  8.06 B  
Invested Capital  208.45 B  223.63 B  222.05 B  239.96 B  254.53 B  233.28 B  
Invested Capital Average  213.59 B  218.52 B  228.51 B  243.95 B  250.98 B  228.15 B  
Market Capitalization  58.22 B  47.21 B  52.29 B  59.6 B  85.12 B  76.29 B  
Tangible Asset Value  206.63 B  221.76 B  222.7 B  229.96 B  239.63 B  236.7 B  
Working Capital  (8.15 B)  (6.94 B)  (9.91 B)  1.01 B  7.7 B  8.3 B 
GM ESG Sustainability
Some studies have found that companies with high sustainability scores are getting higher valuations than competitors with lower socialengagement activities. While most ESG disclosures are voluntary and do not directly affect the long term financial condition, GM's sustainability indicators can be used to identify proper investment strategies using environmental, social, and governance scores that are crucial to GM's managers, analysts, and investors.Environment Score  Governance Score  Social Score 
GM Institutional Holders
Institutional Holdings refers to the ownership stake in GM that is held by large financial organizations, pension funds or endowments. Institutions may purchase large blocks of GM's outstanding shares and can exert considerable influence upon its management. Institutional holders may also work to push the share price higher once they own the stock. Extensive social media coverage, TV shows, articles in highprofile magazines, and presentations at investor conferences help move the stock higher, increasing GM's value.Security Type  Shares  Value  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  301.4 K  9.7 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  484.8 K  15.4 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  476.4 K  20.8 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  428.9 K  25.1 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  421.2 K  22.2 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  291.2 K  17.2 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  169.5 K  9.7 M  
Zweigdimenna Associates Llc  Warrants  16.6 K  337 K 
GM Fundamentals
Return On Equity  14.45 %  
Return On Asset  0.0301 %  
Profit Margin  0.07 %  
Operating Margin  0.08 %  
Current Valuation  138.24 B  
Shares Outstanding  1.42 B  
Shares Owned by Insiders  4.98 %  
Shares Owned by Institutions  82.73 %  
Number of Shares Shorted  25.94 M  
Price to Earning  6.76 X  
Price to Book  0.86 X  
Price to Sales  0.38 X  
Revenue  127 B  
Gross Profit  18.08 B  
EBITDA  25.79 B  
Net Income  10.02 B  
Cash and Equivalents  20.07 B  
Cash per Share  18.45 X  
Total Debt  75.66 B  
Debt to Equity  1.65 %  
Current Ratio  1.14 X  
Book Value Per Share  46.62 X  
Cash Flow from Operations  15.19 B  
Short Ratio  1.86 X  
Earnings Per Share  5.89 X  
Price to Earnings To Growth  1.10 X  
Target Price  48.82  
Number of Employees  157 K  
Beta  1.32  
Market Capitalization  56.47 B  
Total Asset  244.72 B  
Retained Earnings  23.35 B  
Working Capital  6.54 B  
Current Asset  78.01 B  
Current Liabilities  71.47 B  
Annual Yield  0.0091 %  
Five Year Return  4.06 %  
Net Asset  244.72 B  
Last Dividend Paid  0.09 
About GM Fundamental Analysis
The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze General Motors's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of GM using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of General Motors based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.General Motors Company designs, builds, and sells trucks, crossovers, cars, and automobile parts and accessories in North America, the Asia Pacific, the Middle East, Africa, South America, the United States, and China. General Motors Company was founded in 1908 and is headquartered in Detroit, Michigan. GM operates under Auto Manufacturers classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 157000 people.
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Please check GM Piotroski F Score and GM Valuation analysis. You can also try Piotroski F Score module to get Piotroski F Score based on binary analysis strategy of nine different fundamentals.
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When running General Motors price analysis, check to measure GM's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy GM is operating at the current time. Most of GM's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of GM's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move GM's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of GM to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is GM's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of GM. If investors know GM will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about GM listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY 0.39  Market Capitalization 56.5 B  Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY 0.56  Return On Assets 0.0301  Return On Equity 14.45 
The market value of General Motors is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of GM that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of GM's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is GM's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because GM's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect GM's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between GM's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine GM value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, GM's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.