General Z Score

GD
 Stock
  

USD 229.83  2.21  0.97%   

Altman Z Score is one of the simplest fundamental models to determine how likely your company is to fail. The module uses available fundamental data of a given equity to approximate the Altman Z score. Altman Z Score is determined by evaluating five fundamental price points available from the company's current public disclosure documents. Please check General Dynamics Piotroski F Score and General Dynamics Valuation analysis.
  
The current year Return on Invested Capital is expected to grow to 0.23, whereas Capital Expenditure is forecasted to decline to (910.3 M). General Dynamics Earning Before Interest and Taxes EBIT is projected to increase significantly based on the last few years of reporting. The past year's Earning Before Interest and Taxes EBIT was at 4.3 Billion. The current year Gross Profit is expected to grow to about 6.9 B, whereas Consolidated Income is forecasted to decline to about 3.2 B.

General Z Score Analysis

General Dynamics' Z-Score is a simple linear, multi-factor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..
 2019 2020 2021 2022 (projected)
Interest Expense460 M477 M424 M352.79 M
Gross Profit6.99 B6.33 B6.41 B6.9 B
Z Score 
 = 
Sum Of  
 
5 Factors 
More About Z Score | All Equity Analysis

Current General Dynamics Z Score

    
  3.4  
Most of General Dynamics' fundamental indicators, such as Z Score, are part of a valuation analysis module that helps investors searching for stocks that are currently trading at higher or lower prices than their real value. If the real value is higher than the market price, General Dynamics Corp is considered to be undervalued, and we provide a buy recommendation. Otherwise, we render a sell signal.
First Factor
 = 
1.2 * (
Working Capital
/
Total Assets )
Second Factor
 = 
1.4 * (
Retained Earnings
/
Total Assets )
Thrid Factor
 = 
3.3 * (
EBITAD
/
Total Assets )
Fouth Factor
 = 
0.6 * (
Market Value of Equity
/
Total Liabilities )
Fifth Factor
 = 
0.99 * (
Revenue
/
Total Assets )

General Z Score Driver Correlations

Understanding the fundamental principles of building solid financial models for General Dynamics is extremely important. It helps to project a fair market value of Ford stock properly, considering its historical fundamentals such as Z Score. Since General Dynamics' main accounts across its financial reports are all linked and dependent on each other, it is essential to analyze all possible correlations between related accounts. However, instead of reviewing all of General Dynamics' historical financial statements, investors can examine the correlated drivers to determine its overall health. This can be effectively done using a conventional correlation matrix of General Dynamics' interrelated accounts and indicators.
To calculate Z-Score one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. Z-Score can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with Z-Scores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a so-called 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Compare to competition

According to the company's disclosures, General Dynamics Corp has a Z Score of 3.4. This is 16.46% lower than that of the Industrials sector and 43.46% higher than that of the Aerospace & Defense industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 61.01% higher than that of the company.

General Z Score Peer Comparison

Stock peer comparison is one of the most widely used and accepted methods of equity analyses. It analyses General Dynamics' direct or indirect competition against its Z Score to detect undervalued stocks with similar characteristics or determine the stocks which would be a good addition to a portfolio. Peer analysis of General Dynamics could also be used in its relative valuation, which is a method of valuing General Dynamics by comparing valuation metrics of similar companies.
General Dynamics is currently under evaluation in z score category among related companies.

General Dynamics Current Valuation Drivers

We derive many important indicators used in calculating different scores of General Dynamics from analyzing General Dynamics' financial statements. These drivers represent accounts that assess General Dynamics' ability to generate profits relative to its revenue, operating costs, and shareholders' equity. Below are some of General Dynamics' important valuation drivers and their relationship over time.
201720182019202020212022 (projected)
Net Income Per Employee29.53 K31.68 K33.86 K31.36 K31.59 K27.84 K
Revenue Per Employee314.13 K342.74 K382.41 K375.58 K373.12 K340.24 K
Average Assets34.24 B44.19 B48.42 B51.37 B50.65 B49.45 B
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA4.54 B4.86 B5.13 B4.74 B4.87 B5.04 B
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization USD4.54 B4.86 B5.13 B4.74 B4.87 B5.04 B
Earnings before Tax4.08 B4.07 B4.2 B3.74 B3.87 B4.1 B
Average Equity11.13 B12.06 B13.15 B14.37 B16.01 B15.85 B
Enterprise Value62.91 B58.63 B63.7 B54.61 B68.74 B64.38 B
Free Cash Flow3.5 B3.02 B1.99 B2.89 B3.38 B3.36 B
Invested Capital10.33 B19.94 B21.58 B23.35 B23.91 B20.64 B
Invested Capital Average10.29 B18.28 B21.69 B24.34 B24.7 B21 B
Market Capitalization60.75 B46.56 B51.02 B42.71 B58.21 B56.04 B
Tangible Asset Value22.43 B23.23 B27.36 B29.14 B28 B28.24 B
Working Capital5.23 B3.45 B3.49 B5.58 B6.01 B5.63 B

General Fundamentals

About General Dynamics Fundamental Analysis

The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze General Dynamics Corp's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of General Dynamics using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of General Dynamics Corp based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.
General Dynamics Corporation operates as an aerospace and defense company worldwide. General Dynamics Corporation was founded in 1899 and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia. General Dynamics operates under Aerospace Defense classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 100000 people.

General Dynamics Investors Sentiment

The influence of General Dynamics' investor sentiment on the probability of its price appreciation or decline could be a good factor in your decision-making process regarding taking a position in General. The overall investor sentiment generally increases the direction of a stock movement in a one-year investment horizon. However, the impact of investor sentiment on the entire stock markets does not have a solid backing from leading economists and market statisticians.
Investor biases related to General Dynamics' public news can be used to forecast risks associated with investment in General. The trend in average sentiment can be used to explain how an investor holding General can time the market purely based on public headlines and social activities around General Dynamics Corp. Please note that most equiteis that are difficult to arbitrage are affected by market sentiment the most.
General Dynamics' market sentiment shows the aggregated news analyzed to detect positive and negative mentions from the text and comments. The data is normalized to provide daily scores for General Dynamics' and other traded tickers. The bigger the bubble, the more accurate is the estimated score. Higher bars for a given day show more participation in the average General Dynamics' news discussions. The higher the estimate score, the more favorable is the investor's outlook on General Dynamics.
Some investors attempt to determine whether the market's mood is bullish or bearish by monitoring changes in market sentiment. Unlike more traditional methods such as technical analysis, investor sentiment usually refers to the aggregate attitude towards General Dynamics in the overall investment community. So, suppose investors can accurately measure the market's sentiment. In that case, they can use it for their benefit. For example, some tools to gauge market sentiment could be utilized using contrarian indexes, General Dynamics' short interest history, or implied volatility extrapolated from General Dynamics options trading.

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Please check General Dynamics Piotroski F Score and General Dynamics Valuation analysis. Note that the General Dynamics Corp information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other General Dynamics' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Portfolio Holdings module to check your current holdings and cash postion to detemine if your portfolio needs rebalancing.

Complementary Tools for General Stock analysis

When running General Dynamics Corp price analysis, check to measure General Dynamics' market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy General Dynamics is operating at the current time. Most of General Dynamics' value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of General Dynamics' future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move General Dynamics' price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of General Dynamics to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is General Dynamics' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of General Dynamics. If investors know General will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about General Dynamics listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
The market value of General Dynamics Corp is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of General that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of General Dynamics' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is General Dynamics' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because General Dynamics' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect General Dynamics' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between General Dynamics' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine General Dynamics value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, General Dynamics' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.