Market Capitalization

Indicator Description

In most publications or references market cap is broken down into the mega-cap, large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, micro-cap, and nano-cap. Market Cap is a measurement of business as total market value of all of the outstanding shares at a given time, and can be used to compare different companies based on their size.

Market Cap 
 = 
Shares Outstanding 
X  
Share Price 

Market Capitalization is the total market value of a company's equity. It is one of many ways to value a company and is calculated by multiplying the price of the stock by the number of shares issued. If a firm has one type of stock its market capitalization will be the current market share price multiplied by the number of shares. However, if a company has multiple types of equities then the market cap will be the total of the market caps of the different types of shares.

Market Capitalization In A Nutshell

The most popular of the capitalizations is the large cap stocks, which are the Apples and Facebooks of the world. These companies are the ones that many people invest and trade in because they are most familiar with their brand and what they do. If you look at the Dow Jones Industrial Average, these are all large cap stocks. The S&P 500 is also made up of some large cap stocks.

Market cap is the total amount shares times the current price of the stock. This is important to know because many traders and investor categorize companies by their market cap.

Closer Look at Market Capitalization

Taking the next step, there is the mid cap stocks, which many are companies that we may have heard of but are unsure what they do. Mid cap stocks are still solid companies and many have been around for quite some time, but it also could include some newer companies with stock prices that are lower. People who are willing to take on a little more risk for potentially more return on their investment, the mid cap level is the place to look.

Then there is small and micro cap stocks, which are companies who are very small compared and have low stock prices typically. These companies are smaller and typically do not have the reputation of being a sturdy investment. However, the potential for serious returns is there, but the risk level here is the greatest at this level looking at the capitalization levels.

When you are building a portfolio or looking at funds, it is important to stop and think how much of each level you want in your portfolio. Someone who is just starting out may be more apt to look at the mid and small cap area because it can generate greater returns and the risk tolerance is greater when first starting out. If it is towards the end of your investing life, you may want to stick with large cap stocks as these are the most likely to perform well.

Be sure to take a look at your current portfolio holdings and see how they are allocated among the three different capitalization levels and see if you are comfortable with where they line up. If you are unable to take the time, you may be interested in putting your money in mutual funds that cover these three areas as they can give you sector exposure without the company specific risk. Take the time and understand each area and see if you could reallocate your portfolio to limit risk and grow returns.

Other Suggestions

Analyzing currently trending equities could be an opportunity to develop a better portfolio based on different market momentums that they can trigger. Utilizing the top trending stocks is also useful when creating a market-neutral strategy or pair trading technique involving a short or a long position in a currently trending equity.

Generate Optimal Portfolios

The classical approach to portfolio optimization is known as Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT). It involves categorizing the investment universe based on risk (standard deviation) and return, and then choosing the mix of investments that achieves the desired risk-versus-return tradeoff. Portfolio optimization can also be thought of as a risk-management strategy as every type of equity has a distinct return and risk characteristics as well as different systemic risks, which describes how they respond to the market at large. Macroaxis enables investors to optimize portfolios that have a mix of equities (such as stocks, funds, or ETFs) and cryptocurrencies (such as Bitcoin, Ethereum or Monero)
Fix your portfolio
By capturing your risk tolerance and investment horizon Macroaxis technology of instant portfolio optimization will compute exactly how much risk is acceptable for your desired return expectations
Check out your portfolio center. Note that this page's information should be used as a complementary analysis to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Portfolio Anywhere module to track or share privately all of your investments from the convenience of any device.

Other Complementary Tools

Portfolio Rebalancing
Analyze risk-adjusted returns against different time horizons to find asset-allocation targets
Go
Crypto Correlations
Use cryptocurrency correlation module to diversify your cryptocurrency portfolio across multiple coins
Go
Portfolio Volatility
Check portfolio volatility and analyze historical return density to properly model market risk
Go
Theme Ratings
Determine theme ratings based on digital equity recommendations. Macroaxis theme ratings are based on combination of fundamental analysis and risk-adjusted market performance
Go
Price Ceiling Movement
Calculate and plot Price Ceiling Movement for different equity instruments
Go
Focused Opportunities
Build portfolios using our predefined set of ideas and optimize them against your investing preferences
Go
Bollinger Bands
Use Bollinger Bands indicator to analyze target price for a given investing horizon
Go
Bond Analysis
Evaluate and analyze corporate bonds as a potential investment for your portfolios.
Go
Portfolio Suggestion
Get suggestions outside of your existing asset allocation including your own model portfolios
Go
Idea Breakdown
Analyze constituents of all Macroaxis ideas. Macroaxis investment ideas are predefined, sector-focused investing themes
Go
Performance Analysis
Check effects of mean-variance optimization against your current asset allocation
Go
Efficient Frontier
Plot and analyze your portfolio and positions against risk-return landscape of the market.
Go
Fund Screener
Find actively-traded funds from around the world traded on over 30 global exchanges
Go