International Business Beta vs. Book Value Per Share

IBM
 Stock
  

USD 148.37  0.38  0.26%   

For International Business profitability analysis, we use financial ratios and fundamental drivers that measure the ability of International Business to generate income relative to revenue, assets, operating costs, and current equity. These fundamental indicators attest to how well International Business Machines utilizes its assets to generate profit and value for its shareholders. The profitability module also shows relationships between International Business's most relevant fundamental drivers. It provides multiple suggestions of what could affect the performance of International Business Machines over time as well as its relative position and ranking within its peers. Please see Risk vs Return Analysis.
  
International Business Return on Sales is relatively stable at the moment as compared to the past year. The company's current value of Return on Sales is estimated at 0.14. Sales per Share is expected to hike to 82.64 this year, although the value of Price to Sales Ratio will most likely fall to 1.90. International Business Income Tax Expense is relatively stable at the moment as compared to the past year. The company's current value of Income Tax Expense is estimated at 127.26 Million. Net Income Per Employee is expected to hike to about 26.4 K this year, although the value of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income will most likely fall to (25.1 B).

International Business Revenues

79.99 Billion

Is International Business' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of International Business. If investors know International will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about International Business listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY
0.041
Market Capitalization
133 B
Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY
0.065
Return On Assets
0.0322
Return On Equity
0.0648
The market value of International Business is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of International that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of International Business' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is International Business' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because International Business' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect International Business' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between International Business' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine International Business value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, International Business' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

International Business Book Value Per Share vs. Beta Fundamental Analysis

Comparative valuation techniques use various fundamental indicators to help in determining International Business's current stock value. Our valuation model uses many indicators to compare International Business value to that of its competitors to determine the firm's financial worth.
International Business Machines is currently regarded as number one stock in beta category among related companies. It is currently regarded as number one stock in book value per share category among related companies creating about  25.23  of Book Value Per Share per Beta. International Business Book Value per Share is relatively stable at the moment as compared to the past year. The company's current value of Book Value per Share is estimated at 21.87. Comparative valuation analysis is a catch-all model that can be used if you cannot value International Business by discounting back its dividends or cash flows. This model doesn't attempt to find an intrinsic value for International Business' Stock . Still, instead, it compares the stock's price multiples to a benchmark or nearest competition to determine if the stock is relatively undervalued or overvalued. The reason why the comparable model can be used in almost all circumstances is due to the vast number of multiples that can be utilized, such as the price-to-earnings (P/E), price-to-book (P/B), price-to-sales (P/S), price-to-cash flow (P/CF), and many others. The P/E ratio is the most commonly used of these ratios because it focuses on the International Business' earnings, one of the primary drivers of an investment's value.

International Book Value Per Share vs. Beta

Beta is one of the most important measures of equity market volatility. Beta can be thought of as asset elasticity or sensitivity to market. In other words, it is a number that shows the relationship of an equity instrument to the financial market in which this instrument is traded. For example, if Beta of equity is 2, it will be expected to significantly outperform market when the market is going up and significantly underperform when the market is going down. Similarly, Beta of 1 indicates that an asset and market will generate similar returns over time.
International Business 
Beta 
 = 
Covariance 
Variance 
0.88
In a nutshell, Beta is a measure of individual stock risk relative to the overall volatility of the stock market. and is calculated based on very sound finance theory - Capital Assets Pricing Model (CAPM).However, since Beta is calculated based on historical price movements it may not predict how a firm's stock is going to perform in the future.
Book Value per Share (B/S) can be calculated by subtracting liabilities from assets, and then dividing it by the total number of currently outstanding shares. It indicates the level of safety associated with each common share after removing the effects of liabilities. In other words, a shareholder can use this ratio to see how much he or she can sell the stake in the company in the event of a liquidation.
International Business 
Book Value per Share 
 = 
Common Equity 
Average Shares 
22.20 X
The naive approach to look at Book Value per Share is to compare it to current stock price. If Book Value per Share is higher than the currently traded stock price, the company can be considered undervalued. However, investors must be aware that conventional calculation of Book Value does not include intangible assets such as goodwill, intellectual property, trademarks or brands and may not be an appropriate measure for many firms.

International Book Value Per Share Comparison

International Business is currently under evaluation in book value per share category among related companies.

Beta Analysis

Let's try to break down what International's beta means in this case. International Business returns are very sensitive to returns on the market. As the market goes up or down, International Business is expected to follow.

International Business Profitability Projections

The most important aspect of a successful company is its ability to generate a profit. For investors in International Business, profitability is also one of the essential criteria for including it into their portfolios because, without profit, International Business will eventually generate negative long term returns. The profitability progress is the general direction of International Business' change in net profit over the period of time. It can combine multiple indicators of International Business, where stable trends show no significant progress. An accelerating trend is seen as positive, while a decreasing one is unfavorable. A rising trend means that profits are rising, and operational efficiency may be rising as well. A decreasing trend is a sign of poor performance and may indicate upcoming losses.

International Profitability Driver Comparison

Profitability drivers are factors that can directly affect your investment outlook on International Business. Investors often realize that things won't turn out the way they predict. There are maybe way too many unforeseen events and contingencies during the holding period of International Business position where the market behavior may be hard to predict, tax policy changes, gold or oil price hikes, calamities change, and many others. The question is, are you prepared for these unexpected events? Although some of these situations are obviously beyond your control, you can still follow the important profit indicators to know where you should focus on when things like this occur. Below are some of the International Business' important profitability drivers and their relationship over time.

Use International Business in pair-trading

One of the main advantages of trading using pair correlations is that every trade hedges away some risk. Because there are two separate transactions required, even if International Business position performs unexpectedly, the other equity can make up some of the losses. Pair trading also minimizes risk from directional movements in the market. For example, if an entire industry or sector drops because of unexpected headlines, the short position in International Business will appreciate offsetting losses from the drop in the long position's value.

International Business Pair Trading

International Business Machines Pair Trading Analysis

The ability to find closely correlated positions to International Business could be a great tool in your tax-loss harvesting strategies, allowing investors a quick way to find a similar-enough asset to replace International Business when you sell it. If you don't do this, your portfolio allocation will be skewed against your target asset allocation. So, investors can't just sell and buy back International Business - that would be a violation of the tax code under the "wash sale" rule, and this is why you need to find a similar enough asset and use the proceeds from selling International Business Machines to buy it.
The correlation of International Business is a statistical measure of how it moves in relation to other equities. This measure is expressed in what is known as the correlation coefficient, which ranges between -1 and +1. A perfect positive correlation (i.e., a correlation coefficient of +1) implies that as International Business moves, either up or down, the other security will move in the same direction. Alternatively, perfect negative correlation means that if International Business moves in either direction, the perfectly negatively correlated security will move in the opposite direction. If the correlation is 0, the equities are not correlated; they are entirely random. A correlation greater than 0.8 is generally described as strong, whereas a correlation less than 0.5 is generally considered weak.
Correlation analysis and pair trading evaluation for International Business can also be used as hedging techniques within a particular sector or industry or even over random equities to generate a better risk-adjusted return on your portfolios.
Pair CorrelationCorrelation Matching

Use Investing Themes to Complement your International Business position

In addition to having International Business in your portfolios, you can quickly add positions using our predefined set of ideas and optimize them against your very unique investing style. A single investing idea is a collection of funds, stocks, ETFs, or cryptocurrencies that are programmatically selected from a pull of investment themes. After you determine your investment opportunity, you can then find an optimal portfolio that will maximize potential returns on the chosen idea or minimize its exposure to market volatility.

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Natural Foods
Natural Foods Theme
Companies producing natural foods including dairy products and different types of meets. The Natural Foods theme has 40 constituents at this time.
You can either use a buy-and-hold strategy to lock in the entire theme or actively trade it to take advantage of the short-term price volatility of individual constituents. Macroaxis can help you discover thousands of investment opportunities in different asset classes. In addition, you can partner with us for reliable portfolio optimization as you plan to utilize Natural Foods Theme or any other thematic opportunities.
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Please see Risk vs Return Analysis. Note that the International Business information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other International Business' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Premium Stories module to follow Macroaxis premium stories from verified contributors across different equity types, categories and coverage scope.

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To fully project International Business' future profitability, investors should examine all historical financial statements. These statements provide investors with a comprehensive snapshot of the financial position of International Business at a specified time, usually calculated after every quarter, six months, or one year. Three primary documents fall into the category of financial statements. These documents include International Business' income statement, its balance sheet, and the statement of cash flows.
Potential International Business investors and stakeholders can use historical trends found within financial statements to determine how well the company is positioned for the future. Although International Business investors may work on each financial statement separately, they are all related. The changes in International Business's assets and liabilities, for example, are also reflected in the revenues and expenses that we see on International Business's income statement, which results in the company's gains or losses. Cash flows can provide more information regarding cash listed on a balance sheet but not equivalent to net income shown on the income statement. Please read more on our technical analysis and fundamental analysis pages.