International Z Score

IBM
 Stock
  

USD 121.74  0.27  0.22%   

Altman Z Score is one of the simplest fundamental models to determine how likely your company is to fail. The module uses available fundamental data of a given equity to approximate the Altman Z score. Altman Z Score is determined by evaluating five fundamental price points available from the company's current public disclosure documents. Please see International Business Piotroski F Score and International Business Valuation analysis.
  

International Z Score Analysis

International Business' Z-Score is a simple linear, multi-factor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..
Z Score 
 = 
Sum Of  
 
5 Factors 
More About Z Score | All Equity Analysis

Current International Business Z Score

    
  2.6  
Most of International Business' fundamental indicators, such as Z Score, are part of a valuation analysis module that helps investors searching for stocks that are currently trading at higher or lower prices than their real value. If the real value is higher than the market price, International Business Machines is considered to be undervalued, and we provide a buy recommendation. Otherwise, we render a sell signal.
First Factor
 = 
1.2 * (
Working Capital
/
Total Assets )
Second Factor
 = 
1.4 * (
Retained Earnings
/
Total Assets )
Thrid Factor
 = 
3.3 * (
EBITAD
/
Total Assets )
Fouth Factor
 = 
0.6 * (
Market Value of Equity
/
Total Liabilities )
Fifth Factor
 = 
0.99 * (
Revenue
/
Total Assets )
To calculate Z-Score one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. Z-Score can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with Z-Scores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a so-called 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Compare to competition

According to the company's disclosures, International Business Machines has a Z Score of 2.6. This is 80.67% lower than that of the Technology sector and 66.58% lower than that of the Information Technology Services industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 70.18% higher than that of the company.

International Business Institutional Holders

Institutional Holdings refers to the ownership stake in International Business that is held by large financial organizations, pension funds or endowments. Institutions may purchase large blocks of International Business' outstanding shares and can exert considerable influence upon its management. Institutional holders may also work to push the share price higher once they own the stock. Extensive social media coverage, TV shows, articles in high-profile magazines, and presentations at investor conferences help move the stock higher, increasing International Business' value.
Security TypeSharesValue
Vanguard Group IncCommon Shares77.4 M10.9 B
Blackrock IncCommon Shares69.8 M9.8 B
State Street CorpCommon Shares53 M7.5 B
Charles Schwab Investment Management IncCommon Shares16.8 M2.4 B
Geode Capital Management LlcCommon Shares15.3 M2.2 B
Morgan StanleyCommon Shares12.5 M1.8 B
Northern Trust CorpCommon Shares10.7 M1.5 B
Parallax Volatility Advisers LpPut Options134.8 K964.3 M

International Fundamentals

About International Business Fundamental Analysis

The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze International Business Machines's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of International Business using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of International Business Machines based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.
International Business Machines Corporation provides integrated solutions and services worldwide. International Business Machines Corporation was incorporated in 1911 and is headquartered in Armonk, New York. International Business operates under Information Technology Services classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 282100 people.

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Please see International Business Piotroski F Score and International Business Valuation analysis. Note that the International Business information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other International Business' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Performance Analysis module to check effects of mean-variance optimization against your current asset allocation.

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When running International Business price analysis, check to measure International Business' market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy International Business is operating at the current time. Most of International Business' value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of International Business' future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move International Business' price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of International Business to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is International Business' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of International Business. If investors know International will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about International Business listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
The market value of International Business is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of International that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of International Business' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is International Business' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because International Business' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect International Business' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between International Business' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine International Business value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, International Business' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.