B of A Z Score
BAC  Stock  USD 37.70 0.09 0.24% 
B of A  Z Score 
B of A Z Score Analysis
B of A's ZScore is a simple linear, multifactor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..2019  2020  2021  2022 (projected)  
Net Income Common Stock USD  26 B  16.47 B  30.56 B  24.73 B 
Net Income Common Stock  26 B  16.47 B  30.56 B  24.73 B 
Z Score  =  Sum Of   5 Factors 
 
 
 
 

B of A Z Score Driver Correlations
Understanding the fundamental principles of building solid financial models for B of A is extremely important. It helps to project a fair market value of Ford stock properly, considering its historical fundamentals such as Z Score. Since B of A's main accounts across its financial reports are all linked and dependent on each other, it is essential to analyze all possible correlations between related accounts. However, instead of reviewing all of B of A's historical financial statements, investors can examine the correlated drivers to determine its overall health. This can be effectively done using a conventional correlation matrix of B of A's interrelated accounts and indicators.
0.08  0.02  0.83  0.12  0.63  0.11  
0.08  0.88  0.18  0.95  0.56  1.0  
0.02  0.88  0.33  0.95  0.53  0.88  
0.83  0.18  0.33  0.41  0.8  0.14  
0.12  0.95  0.95  0.41  0.65  0.94  
0.63  0.56  0.53  0.8  0.65  0.52  
0.11  1.0  0.88  0.14  0.94  0.52 
Click cells to compare fundamentals
To calculate ZScore one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. ZScore can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with ZScores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a socalled 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Compare to competition 
In accordance with the company's disclosures, Bank Of America has a Z Score of 0.0. This is 100.0% lower than that of the Financial Services sector and about the same as Banksâ€”Diversified (which currently averages 0.0) industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 100.0% higher than that of the company.
B of A Z Score Peer Comparison
Stock peer comparison is one of the most widely used and accepted methods of equity analyses. It analyses B of A's direct or indirect competition against its Z Score to detect undervalued stocks with similar characteristics or determine the stocks which would be a good addition to a portfolio. Peer analysis of B of A could also be used in its relative valuation, which is a method of valuing B of A by comparing valuation metrics of similar companies.B of A is currently under evaluation in z score category among related companies.
B of A Current Valuation Drivers
We derive many important indicators used in calculating different scores of B of A from analyzing B of A's financial statements. These drivers represent accounts that assess B of A's ability to generate profits relative to its revenue, operating costs, and shareholders' equity. Below are some of B of A's important valuation drivers and their relationship over time.
2017  2018  2019  2020  2021  2022 (projected)  
Net Income Per Employee  87.23 K  137.97 K  131.88 K  83.78 K  153.74 K  165.88 K  
Revenue Per Employee  479.73 K  542.08 K  546.1 K  438.95 K  451.21 K  428.25 K  
Average Assets  2,266.84 B  2,328.37 B  2,408.37 B  2,729.93 B  3,063.71 B  2,970.54 B  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA  31.32 B  36.65 B  34.48 B  20.84 B  35.87 B  32.02 B  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization USD  31.32 B  36.65 B  34.48 B  20.84 B  35.87 B  32.02 B  
Earnings before Tax  29.21 B  34.58 B  32.75 B  19 B  33.98 B  29.66 B  
Average Equity  269.69 B  264.48 B  267.9 B  268.08 B  273.41 B  291.22 B  
Enterprise Value  359.96 B  235.6 B  356.72 B  93.72 B  322.13 B  297.18 B  
Free Cash Flow  9.86 B  39.52 B  61.78 B  37.99 B  (7.19 B)  (7.38 B)  
Invested Capital  2,267.88 B  2,276.1 B  2,352.03 B  2,512.19 B  2,990.59 B  2,929.62 B  
Invested Capital Average  2,255.75 B  2,263.28 B  2,351.2 B  2,460.31 B  2,920.07 B  2,896.83 B  
Market Capitalization  307.91 B  241.82 B  316.81 B  262.21 B  364.11 B  319.38 B  
Tangible Asset Value  2,212.28 B  2,285.56 B  2,365.13 B  2,750.68 B  3,100.47 B  2,954.11 B 
B of A ESG Sustainability
Some studies have found that companies with high sustainability scores are getting higher valuations than competitors with lower socialengagement activities. While most ESG disclosures are voluntary and do not directly affect the long term financial condition, B of A's sustainability indicators can be used to identify proper investment strategies using environmental, social, and governance scores that are crucial to B of A's managers, analysts, and investors.Environment Score  Governance Score  Social Score 
B of A Institutional Holders
Institutional Holdings refers to the ownership stake in B of A that is held by large financial organizations, pension funds or endowments. Institutions may purchase large blocks of B of A's outstanding shares and can exert considerable influence upon its management. Institutional holders may also work to push the share price higher once they own the stock. Extensive social media coverage, TV shows, articles in highprofile magazines, and presentations at investor conferences help move the stock higher, increasing B of A's value.Security Type  Shares  Value  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  65.5 K  2 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  65.6 K  2 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  65 K  2.7 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  77 K  3.4 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  94.3 K  4 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  35.9 K  1.5 M  
Zwj Investment Counsel Inc  Common Shares  128.1 K  5 M 
B of A Fundamentals
Return On Equity  10.11 %  
Return On Asset  0.89 %  
Profit Margin  29.95 %  
Current Valuation  167.84 B  
Shares Outstanding  8.02 B  
Shares Owned by Insiders  0.14 %  
Shares Owned by Institutions  70.97 %  
Number of Shares Shorted  79.28 M  
Price to Earning  11.86 X  
Price to Book  1.25 X  
Price to Sales  3.29 X  
Revenue  91.52 B  
Gross Profit  93.71 B  
EBITDA  23.82 B  
Net Income  25.88 B  
Cash and Equivalents  733.43 B  
Cash per Share  91.42 X  
Total Debt  572.82 B  
Debt to Equity  7.37 %  
Book Value Per Share  29.96 X  
Cash Flow from Operations  7.33 B  
Short Ratio  1.70 X  
Earnings Per Share  3.16 X  
Price to Earnings To Growth  1.97 X  
Number of Employees  213 K  
Beta  1.39  
Market Capitalization  300.76 B  
Total Asset  660.95 B  
Retained Earnings  134.84 B  
Five Year Return  2.06 %  
Last Dividend Paid  0.22 
About B of A Fundamental Analysis
The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze Bank Of America's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of B of A using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of Bank Of America based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.Bank of America Corporation, through its subsidiaries, provides banking and financial products and services for individual consumers, small and middlemarket businesses, institutional investors, large corporations, and governments worldwide. The company was founded in 1784 and is based in Charlotte, North Carolina. B of A operates under BanksDiversified classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 213000 people.
Be your own money manager
Our tools can tell you how much better you can do entering a position in B of A without increasing your portfolio risk or giving up the expected return. As an individual investor, you need to find a reliable way to track all your investment portfolios. However, your requirements will often be based on how much of the process you decide to do yourself. In addition to allowing all investors analytical transparency into all their portfolios, our tools can evaluate riskadjusted returns of your individual positions relative to your overall portfolio.Did you try this?
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Pair Trading with B of A
One of the main advantages of trading using pair correlations is that every trade hedges away some risk. Because there are two separate transactions required, even if B of A position performs unexpectedly, the other equity can make up some of the losses. Pair trading also minimizes risk from directional movements in the market. For example, if an entire industry or sector drops because of unexpected headlines, the short position in B of A will appreciate offsetting losses from the drop in the long position's value.Moving together with B of A
+  0.66  C  Citigroup  Fiscal Year End 13th of January 2023  PairCorr  
+  0.89  HBAN  Huntington Bcshs  Potential Growth  PairCorr  
+  0.98  JPM  JP Morgan Chase  Fiscal Year End 13th of January 2023  PairCorr 
The ability to find closely correlated positions to B of A could be a great tool in your taxloss harvesting strategies, allowing investors a quick way to find a similarenough asset to replace B of A when you sell it. If you don't do this, your portfolio allocation will be skewed against your target asset allocation. So, investors can't just sell and buy back B of A  that would be a violation of the tax code under the "wash sale" rule, and this is why you need to find a similar enough asset and use the proceeds from selling Bank Of America to buy it.
The correlation of B of A is a statistical measure of how it moves in relation to other equities. This measure is expressed in what is known as the correlation coefficient, which ranges between 1 and +1. A perfect positive correlation (i.e., a correlation coefficient of +1) implies that as B of A moves, either up or down, the other security will move in the same direction. Alternatively, perfect negative correlation means that if Bank Of America moves in either direction, the perfectly negatively correlated security will move in the opposite direction. If the correlation is 0, the equities are not correlated; they are entirely random. A correlation greater than 0.8 is generally described as strong, whereas a correlation less than 0.5 is generally considered weak.
Correlation analysis and pair trading evaluation for B of A can also be used as hedging techniques within a particular sector or industry or even over random equities to generate a better riskadjusted return on your portfolios.Continue to B of A Piotroski F Score and B of A Valuation analysis. Note that the Bank Of America information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other B of A's statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Stock Tickers module to use highimpact, comprehensive, and customizable stock tickers that can be easily integrated to any websites.
Complementary Tools for B of A Stock analysis
When running Bank Of America price analysis, check to measure B of A's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy B of A is operating at the current time. Most of B of A's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of B of A's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move B of A's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of B of A to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is B of A's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of B of A. If investors know B of A will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about B of A listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY (0.047)  Market Capitalization 302.4 B  Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY 0.009  Return On Assets 0.0089  Return On Equity 0.1 
The market value of Bank Of America is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of B of A that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of B of A's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is B of A's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because B of A's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect B of A's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between B of A's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine B of A value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, B of A's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.