3M Current Financial Leverage

MMM
 Stock
  

USD 115.17  0.45  0.39%   

3M's financial leverage is the degree to which the firm utilizes its fixed-income securities and uses equity to finance projects. Companies with high leverage are usually considered to be at financial risk. 3M's financial risk is the risk to 3M stockholders that is caused by an increase in debt. In other words, with a high degree of financial leverage come high-interest payments, which usually reduce Earnings Per Share (EPS).
Additionally, see the analysis of 3M Fundamentals Over Time.
  

3M Current Financial Burden

3M's liquidity is one of the most fundamental aspects of both its future profitability and its ability to meet different types of ongoing financial obligations. 3M's cash, liquid assets, total liabilities, and shareholder equity can be utilized to evaluate how much leverage the company is using to sustain its current operations. For traders, higher-leverage indicators usually imply a higher risk to shareholders. In addition, it helps 3M Stock's retail investors understand whether an upcoming fall or rise in the market will negatively affect 3M's stakeholders.

Asset vs Debt

Equity vs Debt

For most companies, including 3M, marketable securities, inventories, and receivables are the most common assets that could be converted to cash. However, for the executing running 3M Company the most critical issue when dealing with liquidity needs is whether the current assets are properly aligned with its current liabilities. If not, management will need to obtain alternative financing to ensure that there are always enough cash equivalents on the balance sheet in reserve to pay for obligations.
Given that 3M's debt-to-equity ratio measures a company's obligations relative to the value of its net assets, it is usually used by traders to estimate the extent to which 3M is acquiring new debt as a mechanism of leveraging its assets. A high debt-to-equity ratio is generally associated with increased risk, implying that it has been aggressive in financing its growth with debt. Another way to look at debt-to-equity ratios is to compare the overall debt load of 3M to its assets or equity, showing how much of the company assets belong to shareholders vs. creditors. If shareholders own more assets, 3M is said to be less leveraged. If creditors hold a majority of 3M's assets, the company is said to be highly leveraged.
Given the importance of 3M's capital structure, the first step in the capital decision process is for the management of 3M to decide how much external capital it will need to raise to operate in a sustainable way. Once the amount of financing is determined, management needs to examine the financial markets to determine the terms in which the company can boost capital. This move is crucial to the process because the market environment may reduce the ability of 3M Company to issue bonds at a reasonable cost.

3M Financial Leverage Rating

3M Company bond ratings play a critical role in determining how much 3M have to pay to access credit markets, i.e., the amount of interest on their issued debt. The threshold between investment-grade and speculative-grade ratings has important market implications for 3M's borrowing costs.

3M Company Debt to Cash Allocation

As 3M Company follows its natural business cycle, the capital allocation decisions will not magically go away. 3M's decision-makers have to determine if most of the cash flows will be poured back into or reinvested in the business, reserved for other projects beyond operational needs, or paid back to stakeholders and investors. Many companies eventually find out that there is only so much market out there to be conquered, and adding the next product or service is only half as profitable per unit as their current endeavors. Eventually, the company will reach a point where cash flows are strong, and extra cash is available but not fully utilized. In this case, the company may start buying back its stock from the public or issue more dividends.
The company has 17.2 B in debt with debt to equity (D/E) ratio of 1.24, which is OK given its current industry classification. 3M Company has a current ratio of 1.44, which is typical for the industry and considered as normal. Debt can assist 3M until it has trouble settling it off, either with new capital or with free cash flow. So, 3M's shareholders could walk away with nothing if the company can't fulfill its legal obligations to repay debt. However, a more frequent occurrence is when companies like 3M Company sell additional shares at bargain prices, diluting existing shareholders. Debt, in this case, can be an excellent and much better tool for 3M to invest in growth at high rates of return. When we think about 3M's use of debt, we should always consider it together with cash and equity.

3M Assets Financed by Debt

Typically, companies with high debt-to-asset ratios are said to be highly leveraged. The higher the ratio, the greater risk will be associated with the 3M's operation. In addition, a high debt-to-assets ratio may indicate a low borrowing capacity of 3M, which in turn will lower the firm's financial flexibility. Like all other financial ratios, a a 3M debt ratio should be compared their industry average or other competing firms.

Understaning 3M Use of Financial Leverage

3M financial leverage ratio helps in determining the effect of debt on the overall profitability of the company. It measures 3M's total debt position, including all of outstanding debt obligations, and compares it with the equity. In simple terms, the high financial leverage means the cost of production, together with running the business day-to-day, is high, whereas, lower financial leverage implies lower fixed cost investment in the business and generally considered by investors to be a good sign. So if creditors own a majority of 3M assets, the company is considered highly leveraged. Understanding the composition and structure of overall 3M debt and outstanding corporate bonds gives a good idea of how risky the capital structure of a business and if it is worth investing in it.
3M Company operates as a diversified technology company worldwide. It offers its products through e-commerce and traditional wholesalers, retailers, jobbers, distributors, and dealers. 3M operates under Conglomerates classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 95000 people. Please read more on our technical analysis page.

Be your own money manager

Our tools can tell you how much better you can do entering a position in 3M without increasing your portfolio risk or giving up the expected return. As an individual investor, you need to find a reliable way to track all your investment portfolios. However, your requirements will often be based on how much of the process you decide to do yourself. In addition to allowing all investors analytical transparency into all their portfolios, our tools can evaluate risk-adjusted returns of your individual positions relative to your overall portfolio.

Did you try this?

Run Watchlist Optimization Now

   

Watchlist Optimization

Optimize watchlists to build efficient portfolio or rebalance existing positions based on mean-variance optimization algorithm
All  Next Launch Module

Becoming a Better Investor with Macroaxis

Macroaxis puts the power of mathematics on your side. We analyze your portfolios and positions such as 3M Company using complex mathematical models and algorithms, but make them easy to understand. There is no real person involved in your portfolio analysis. We perform a number of calculations to compute absolute and relative portfolio volatility, correlation between your assets, value at risk, expected return as well as over 100 different fundamental and technical indicators.

Build Optimal Portfolios

Align your risk with return expectations

Fix your portfolio
By capturing your risk tolerance and investment horizon Macroaxis technology of instant portfolio optimization will compute exactly how much risk is acceptable for your desired return expectations
Additionally, see the analysis of 3M Fundamentals Over Time. You can also try Risk-Return Analysis module to view associations between returns expected from investment and the risk you assume.

Complementary Tools for analysis

When running 3M Company price analysis, check to measure 3M's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy 3M is operating at the current time. Most of 3M's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of 3M's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move 3M's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of 3M to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
Theme Ratings
Determine theme ratings based on digital equity recommendations. Macroaxis theme ratings are based on combination of fundamental analysis and risk-adjusted market performance
Go
Risk-Return Analysis
View associations between returns expected from investment and the risk you assume
Go
CEO Directory
Screen CEOs from public companies around the world
Go
Crypto Correlations
Use cryptocurrency correlation module to diversify your cryptocurrency portfolio across multiple coins
Go
Portfolio Suggestion
Get suggestions outside of your existing asset allocation including your own model portfolios
Go
Commodity Channel Index
Use Commodity Channel Index to analyze current equity momentum
Go
Equity Analysis
Research over 250,000 global equities including funds, stocks and ETFs to find investment opportunities
Go
Portfolio Manager
State of the art Portfolio Manager to monitor and improve performance of your invested capital
Go
Balance Of Power
Check stock momentum by analyzing Balance Of Power indicator and other technical ratios
Go
Content Syndication
Quickly integrate customizable finance content to your own investment portal
Go
Watchlist Optimization
Optimize watchlists to build efficient portfolio or rebalance existing positions based on mean-variance optimization algorithm
Go
Idea Analyzer
Analyze all characteristics, volatility and risk-adjusted return of Macroaxis ideas
Go
Is 3M's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of 3M. If investors know 3M will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about 3M listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
The market value of 3M Company is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of 3M that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of 3M's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is 3M's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because 3M's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect 3M's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between 3M's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine 3M value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, 3M's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

What is Financial Leverage?

Financial leverage is the use of borrowed money (debt) to finance the purchase of assets with the expectation that the income or capital gain from the new asset will exceed the cost of borrowing. In most cases, the debt provider will limit how much risk it is ready to take and indicate a limit on the extent of the leverage it will allow. In the case of asset-backed lending, the financial provider uses the assets as collateral until the borrower repays the loan. In the case of a cash flow loan, the general creditworthiness of the company is used to back the loan. The concept of leverage is common in the business world. It is mostly used to boost the returns on equity capital of a company, especially when the business is unable to increase its operating efficiency and returns on total investment. Because earnings on borrowing are higher than the interest payable on debt, the company's total earnings will increase, ultimately boosting stockholders' profits.

Leverage and Capital Costs

The debt to equity ratio plays a role in the working average cost of capital (WACC). The overall interest on debt represents the break-even point that must be obtained to profitability in a given venture. Thus, WACC is essentially the average interest an organization owes on the capital it has borrowed for leverage. Let's say equity represents 60% of borrowed capital, and debt is 40%. This results in a financial leverage calculation of 40/60, or 0.6667. The organization owes 10% on all equity and 5% on all debt. That means that the weighted average cost of capital is (.4)(5) + (.6)(10) - or 8%. For every $10,000 borrowed, this organization will owe $800 in interest. Profit must be higher than 8% on the project to offset the cost of interest and justify this leverage.

Benefits of Financial Leverage

Leverage provides the following benefits for companies:
  • Leverage is an essential tool a company's management can use to make the best financing and investment decisions.
  • It provides a variety of financing sources by which the firm can achieve its target earnings.
  • Leverage is also an essential technique in investing as it helps companies set a threshold for the expansion of business operations. For example, it can be used to recommend restrictions on business expansion once the projected return on additional investment is lower than the cost of debt.
By borrowing funds, the firm incurs a debt that must be paid. But, this debt is paid in small installments over a relatively long period of time. This frees funds for more immediate use in the stock market. For example, suppose a company can afford a new factory but will be left with negligible free cash. In that case, it may be better to finance the factory and spend the cash on hand on inputs, labor, or even hold a significant portion as a reserve against unforeseen circumstances.

The Risk of Financial Leverage

The most obvious and apparent risk of leverage is that if price changes unexpectedly, the leveraged position can lead to severe losses. For example, imagine a hedge fund seeded by $50 worth of investor money. The hedge fund borrows another $50 and buys an asset worth $100, leading to a leverage ratio of 2:1. For the investor, this is neither good nor bad -- until the asset price changes. If the asset price goes up 10 percent, the investor earns $10 on $50 of capital, a net gain of 20 percent, and is very pleased with the increased gains from the leverage. However, if the asset price crashes unexpectedly, say by 30 percent, the investor loses $30 on $50 of capital, suffering a 60 percent loss. In other words, the effect of leverage is to increase the volatility of returns and increase the effects of a price change on the asset to the bottom line while increasing the chance for profit as well.